抓住阅读五层递进--考研英语阅读必背句子新奥门

作者: 网站首页  发布:2019-12-23

  解析:本句是and引导的两个并列分句。注意前一分句省略了和后一分句相同的主语they(指代网络销售商)。同时也可以理解为是:祈使句+and+一般将来时,后一分句中,they will sell your nameimmediately to local dealerships是主句,关系代词which引导定语从句whichwill then harass you in the old fashioned way,which指代上文的一整句话。

  9.难词与词组

  (文章来源:文都教育)

  应对方法:先抓主干,找出复杂句中最核心的主谓宾,再层层展开

  以上便是我们与考生分享的语法长难句精析,希望考生们多做这方面的练习题,逐步掌握解析长难句的技巧。

  [结构分析]

  参考译文:联合国有关报告指出,即便是中国,到2030年初期人口也将开始递减。这份报告同时还指出,到2050年,将有50个国家的人口低于今天的水平。

  3. 分词短语、独立主格结构的干扰

  参考翻译:科学家有理由担心精确的讨论,如果基于这个讨论的假设发生变化,那么这个值得信赖的讨论就会失去它所有的威力,然而在潜在的假设下,这个虽不精确但还值得信赖的讨论可能仍然值得担忧。

  2.句子中带有长长的插入成分:用插入语来交代某句话是谁说的或者是说话人的身份,或解释、说明前面的内容

  4.  That is surely how history will judge moderncriticism of video games, which are accused of turning young people intoviolent criminals.        

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

  以上便是老师与大家分享的语法在长难句中的应用,希望考生能够认真总结句子中的语法,多练习,熟练掌握。

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so fascinating.

  参考翻译:他谈到了众人对移动电视的巨大兴趣,这是一个在电信和媒体领域有交叉的新兴产业,它给设备制造商、电视内容制作者以及移动网络运营商提供了新的机遇。

  第三天:抓住阅读五层递进——阅读必背句子

  参考译文:对于当今时代那些控诉电视游戏使年轻人变成暴力罪犯的批评者们,历史最终也将对他们作出同样的批判。

  1.复合句

  解析:本句不是很长,结构比较清晰,主句为Some technologies do indeed improve at such a predictable pace thatthey obey simple formulae such as Moore’s law,这里考生要能识别出such…that…结构;后面的 which引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词formulae such as Moore’s law,which在从句中作主语。

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request.

  “Desperate Housewives” and “Law &Order”。

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an orderly and reasonably connected manner.

  包括《迷失》、《绝望的主妇》以及《法律与秩序》。

  本句是一个并列句,以and连接;第一个分句的主干是The change met the technical requirements...,后面的介词结构by engaging a large professional element作状语,说明met the technical requirements of the new age的方式;第二个分句的主干是(the change) prevented the decline in efficiency,后面的that引导的定语从句修饰decline in efficiency。注意:engage此处的意思是“雇,聘”。

  考研英语长难句解析涉及到各个题型,考生如果能够精确的理解长难句,然后再结合各题型的技巧,考生在做题时就可以得心应手了,当然,最基本的词汇基础是要贯穿到复习的各个阶段,目前考生有了一定的词汇基础,并且对于基础语法也有一定的了解,但是遇到长难句时就难以下手,下面老师给考生分享下如何精析长难句。

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.

  2. He is referring to the upsurge ofinterest in mobile television, a nascent industry at the intersection oftelecoms and media which offers new opportunities to device-makers,content producers and mobile-network operators。

    更多信息请访问:新浪考研频道 考研论坛 考研博客圈

  1. Some technologies do indeed improve at such a predictable pace that theyobey simple formulae such as Moore’s law, which acts as a battle plan for thesemiconductor industry。

  1.从句又多又长:一个主句带多个从句,从句中又含有从句

  2015年考研英语语法长难句精析(二)

  一、 长难句一般应对策略

  解析:本句的主干是:He is referring to the upsurgeof interest in mobile television. 逗号后是同位语从句修饰mobile television,在同位语从句中出现whichoffers new opportunities to device-makers, content producers and mobile-networkoperators. 引导的定语从句,补充说明nascent industry。

  应对方法:主句最重要的特征就是有完整的主谓结构,尤其是独立的谓语部分。一个看似句子的结构,如果没有独立的谓语部分,它就不是句子,而是分词短语、独立主格结构等,可以先跳过不看

  参考译文:网络销售商通过访问大量的网站去寻找一部车,然后就会把你的名字提供给当地的经销商,这又会让你重回到以前那种购车模式所带来的困扰中。

  [结构分析]

  解析:本句的主句是主系表结构:That is surely how history will judge modern criticism of videogames,其中表语是how引导的名词性从句,定语从句which are accused ofturning young people into violent criminals修饰video games,关系代词which指代先行词videogames,which在从句中作主语,考生要注意这里使用了被动语态be accused of,在翻译时我们译成主动。

  [结构分析]

  1. The physicist rightly dreads preciseargument, since an argument that is convincing only if it is precise loses allits force if the assumptions on which it is based are slightly changed whereasan argument that is convincing though imprecise may well be stable under smallperturbations of its underlying assumptions。

  The astonishing distrust of the news media isn’t rooted in inaccuracy or poor reportorial skills but in the daily clash of world views between reporters and their readers.

  考生在分析英语长难句时要注意语法在句子中的“混搭”,对于综合语法的运用,考生要有能识别的慧眼,下面老师给考生详细解析:

  本句的主干是it is advisable to find out... for... it is possible that...,句首的When引导一个时间状语从句,句中的for... it is possible... (至句末)是一个并列分句,表示原因,其中for后面的however +形容词farfetched and unreasonable引导状语从句,表示让步。在主干it is advisable to find out... 中,it是形式主语,后面的不定式结构to find out what its advocates are aiming at是真正的主语。

  3.  Even China’s population will be declining bythe early 2030s, according to the UN, which projects that by 2050 populationswill be lower than they are today in 50 countries。

  应对方法:从前向后,抓住独立的谓语部分,从而区分出主句和分词状语,再根据主句与从句之间的连接词,区分出主句和从句,层层扩展理解,插入语在哪个层次,就放在哪个层次理解

  解析:本句的主句为China’s population will be declining by the early 2030s。其后的定语从句which projects that by 2050populations will be lower than they are today in 50 countries修UN,关系代词在从句中作主语,注意这里project作动词用,译为“指出”,且从句里使用了比较级。

  麦克沃特先生的学术专长是语言史和语言变化。举例来说,他认为“whom”一词的逐渐消失是很自然的,象古英语中词格结尾的消失一样不令人惋惜。

  解析:本句的定语从句较多,首先要分清主干,然后根据从句调整语序:since后的主干是:an argument loses all its force,argument 后的that引导的是定语从句修饰argument,if引导的是条件状语从句,if后的主干是:the assumptions are slightly changed.  on which 修饰assumption, whereas后的主干是:an argument may well be stable. 其中that是引导argument的定语从句,under后面的是状语。

  [结构分析]

  参考翻译:与此同时,苹果电脑公司在10月发售了一款可以观看电视的便携式音乐播放器iPod,该公司大大帮助了电视网络扩大其可以供用户购买的、用于在移动终端的节目范围,

  三、具体句子

  2015年考研[微博]英语语法长难句精析(一)

  [结构分析]

  解析:本句比较长,出现了非定语从句的分隔结构,本句的主干是:Apple Computer is striking deals with television networks to expandthe range of shows…,出现了which launched a video-capable version ofits iPod portable music-player in October,引导的定语从句修饰Apple Computer。That引导的定语从句修饰shows。句末的分词结构including“Lost”, “Desperate Housewives”and “Law &Order”作伴随状语,表明range ofshows的具体内容。

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有必要熟悉长难句的种类以及它们各自的重点。今天先介绍长难句的把握方法,再给出一些典型的句子,建议熟读甚至背诵,以做到考试时碰到类似句子就能抓住重点。

  参考译文:的确,有些技术的进步是以一种可预测的节奏进行着,它们遵循摩尔定律般简单的公式,好比是半导体工业的行动计划。

  [结构分析]

  2. Visit many online sites to research a car, and they will sell your nameimmediately to local dealerships which will then harass you in theold-fashioned way。

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as Literature.

  3. Meanwhile, Apple Computer, whichlaunched a video-capable version of its iPod portable music-player in October,is striking deals with television networks to expand the range of shows thatcan be purchased for viewing on the device, including “Lost”,

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they do some modest belt tightening.

  [结构分析]

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  [结构分析]

  4. 三种情况的混合

  A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the antiscience tag has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.

  通过雇用大量的职业人才,这一变化满足了新时代的技术要求,防止了效率下降——在过去,这种效率下降经常使家族公司在充满活力的创业者之后的第二代或第三代毁掉全部财产。

  7.分隔结构

  (本文撰写时参考了李传伟编著的《2010年考研英语真题长难句突破》和《2010年考研英语阅读真题全方位突破》)

  当艺术上的一项新运动达到一定流行程度时,最好先弄清该运动倡导者的目的,因为,无论他们的创作原则在今天看来多么牵强、多么荒谬,在未来这些理论有可能会被视为正常的东西。

  [结构分析]

  与你谈话时,可能成为你未来老板的人会考虑你所受的教育、你的经历和你的其他资历是否在雇佣你以后会给他带来好处。你的“资历”和能力必须有条不紊、合理连贯地展示出来。

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and third generation after the energetic founders.

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search for spacious living than in the Far West.

  10.指代

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